Federal Trade Commission v. MDK Media, Inc., et al., 14-CV-05099-JFW (SHx), U.S. District Court, Central District of California

Defendants, six entities and their individual owners are alleged to have operated a premium SMS businesses where consumers were enrolled in phone text subscription programs without their consent through various forms of cramming. While the Defendant entities are separate companies with different owners, they were part of a loose network actually controlled by past and current executives of a large cellular aggregator, Mobile Messenger. Defendants had limited active operations, but had generated aggregate revenues in less than three years of nearly $65 million. The Temporary Restraining Order was entered on July 7, 2014, but this receivership appointment was brief as the Court denied the FTC’s subsequent motion for Preliminary Injunction and the case was later settled.